What benefits do you enjoy with Australia permanent residence (PR)
July 3, 2015
If you just get PR, you can only be visa-free entry to Australia and New Zealand but with the exception of all other countries, because your nationality is still Chinese. But once your citizenship is Australia, you are Australian citizens.
If either side of the parents has Australia PR, the child was born in Australia, and then the child was born Australian citizen. If the child was born in China, then the child is a Chinese citizen, but can apply for Australian green card afterwards. If either side of the parents is an Australian citizen, regardless of the child was born in Australia or China, the child was born Australian citizen.
Australian permanent residents and citizens enjoy different rights mainly display in five aspects:
- Right to vote
- Stand for election
- Right to join the army
- Being chosen for jury members
- Work in the government’s specific departments (such as intelligence personnel)
These five rights or obligations above, permanent residents do not enjoy but citizens (citizenship)
Nine big benefits embodied in Australia:
- The pension policy, every 60 year old woman or 65 year old man can enjoy the pension.
- All citizens enjoy free medical insurance (Medicare)
- The government departments provides unemployment benefits
- Low-income subsidies
- Free compulsory education 12 years’ primary and secondary schools
- Children before the age of eighteen enjoy sponsorship fees and subsidies
- College tuition interest-free government loans
- Children after 18 years old enjoy allowances for students
- Other benefits: birth allowance, multiple child family allowance, unmarried parents allowance, single parents allowance, etc.
From the perspective of welfare policy, new permanent resident visa holders may not apply for unemployment benefits in the first two years, comprehensive emergency relief and students allowance, but can enjoy other benefits, such as free education of primary and secondary schools, student loans, free medical care, etc. In holding PR two years later, you can enjoy all of Australia’s welfare.
After getting PR and meeting with certain conditions, you can apply for Australian citizenship. It is worth to notice that naturalization requires applying alone, family cannot apply together. For example, if wife lived in Australia for 4 years then she applies, if husband didn’t then he cannot apply.
The most important living condition is:
- Have lived in Australia for full 4 years before applying, and during these 4 years, you must be at least one year (12 months) is PR status.
- During the four years, the time that you left Australia a total of no more than one year, and in this year when you apply for Australian citizenship, you cannot leave Australia for more than 90 days.
There are also some requirements applicable to special groups or special situations.
- Plan to settle down in Australia, continue to live in Australia, or plans to keep close relations with Australia.
Children under the age of 16 can be included in either side of parents’ application for naturalization; and children do not need to conform to the living requirements.
There are three main steps for applying for Australian citizenship: application, interview and naturalization ceremony, the whole process normally takes six months.
- Application: applicants can download the citizenship application form on the Internet. After they filled out the application form and then sent to the citizenship office together with necessary material.
- Interview: applicants must attend interview over the age of 16. The purpose of the interview is to confirm that you know the rights and obligations of Australian citizens, and can use simple English (50 years old or more applicants do not need to conform to this article).
- The naturalization ceremony: after interview, you usually receive notification within two months, and in a specified time and place for the citizen’s certificate awarding ceremony. In the ceremony, the applicant will take naturalization oath, and receive a certificate of an Australian citizen. In two weeks after getting a citizenship certificate, you can get the Australian passport. On the strength of the Australian passport, you do not need a visa to go to all western countries, including the United States and European countries.